nokukwereta

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Chikwereti

Das nokukwereta isiri iyo ye Nokutendeka, Kusiyana nemugove wega, iyo inowanika kune kambani kana hurumende yemunharaunda yezvikwereti, mari yakakwereta inopiwa nevakwereta kwenguva shoma. Izvozvo zvinomiririra chikamu cheguta guru risina kupiwa kune veneti. Kufanana nechikwereti, uyu mutorwa wekunze unofanira kubhadharwa zvakakwana panguva.
Zvimwewo, mari yakakwereta inogonawo kubva kumari yekunze mumamiriro ezvinhu. Semitemo, zvisinei, iyo inongobva chete kune mari yekunze mari uye ndiko kushandiswa kwemari kune mumwe wechitatu kunogumira uye kusingagumi. Sezvo mutemo, munhu ane chikwereti achireva kuti mubhadharo unofanirwa nehubudiriro, somuenzaniso, muchimiro chezvikwereti. Izvi zvinoshandawo kune vanogovera avo vasingakwanise kupa mukana wekambani yavo, asi pane mari yekunze kuburikidza nenzira dzakasiyana-siyana dzechikwereti. Kuchinja kune mari yakakweretwa kunosarudzwa semarikero yemari.

Mienzaniso yemari yakakwereta:
- zvikwereti zvemarudzi ose (zvakapfupiswa mubhizimisi rezvemabhizimisi se "zvikwereti"), kureva kushandiswa kwemari kusingakwanisi, zvakadai sehomwe yebhangi neyaka 5 yemakore kana nokutengesa chikwereti (iyo yakazarura nhoroondo) nemazuva 14 nguva yokumhanya
- Zvigadziriswa (kuti zvikwereti zviitwe gare gare zvakadai sekubhadhara mitero, rubatsiro rwemagariro evanhu, nezvimwewo)
- Passive accounting accounting

Pakutanga, chikwereti chikuru chiri pamberi pekuenzanisa, kureva, mune chekuregererwa, chikwereti chikuru chinotanga kushandiswa. Equity uye kuenzana pamwe chete zvinomiririra huwandu huwandu hwekambani.

Kwenguva pfupi:
Zvikwereti zvine kukura kwegore risati rapera, zvakadai semabhadhareji ezeredhirheni, zvikwereti zvakagamuchirwa uye kutengesa kushandiswa (mavosi akazaruka).

Medium izwi:
Iko inofanirwa kubhadharwa mukati me1 kune makore 5, semuenzaniso chikwereti chakakura mumakore gumi nemana.

Long-izwi:
(Chikwereti), zvakadai semari yepensheni, zvikwereti kana bhengi yemari, iyo inowanikwa nekambani kwemakore anopfuura 5.

Kuparadzanisa pakati pekwereti nehutano

Hazvisi nyore nguva dzose kusiyanisa pakati pekunze kune dzimwe nyika uye pachedu, sezvo zvigadzirwa zvave zviri chikamu chechikwereti chikuru, kunyange zvazvo chichibva kune mari yekunze. Izvi zvinonzwisiswa nechokuti kune mukana wekubhadhara, semuenzaniso wepakati penheyo, semuenzaniso. Kunyange kana chikwata chekufarira chichizvimiririra pane kubudirira, ichi chave chiri chikwereti. Iko kune mafungiro akasiyana-siyana ekupatsanurana pakati pehutano nehutano, inozivikanwawo se mezzanine capital.

chizvidavirire

Mhedzisiro yemari uye mari yakakosha yedare inotarisirwa kuti zviite zvekuverenga. Mari yechikwereti inonzwisiswa pane chikwereti chezvikwereti, zvakananga mushure mekugadzirisa uye zvikwereti. Kunezve zvimwe zvinhu zvakatsaurwa zvemitero yakaderedzwa uye zvinhu zvakasarudzwa. The yasara izwi chikwereti anofanira kupiwa se "<1 makore" kana "> 1 gore," manotsi kugadzira kuchengetedzeka mberi kuramba mashoko pamusoro 5 makore ruzivo pamusoro zvakadini, hunhu uye chimiro. Misiyano iri pakati pezvikwereti zvenguva pfupi uye yakareba inotarirwa sepakati-kwenguva yakakwereta mari.

Key nenhamba

Nhamba dzinokosha dzinokosha dzinogona kuverengwa kuburikidza nemari yakakwereta. Iroji yehuwandu, semuenzaniso, inopa ruzivo pamusoro pegove chekubhadhara mari kunze kunze kwekubhadhara mari. Izvi zvinogona kushandiswa kuverenga chiyero chechikwereti uye kushandiswa kwemari.
Kana iyo chikwereti chikwereti chikwata ichikwirira, mari inowanikwa mari inowedzera nokuti zvakanyanya mari yakawanda inoshandiswa nokuda kwemari inofarira. Mune chikwereti chekwereti chakakura, kuparara-kunyange iyo pfungwa inonyanya kukosha. Iyo yakakwirira yehuwandu hwehuwandu, iyo inowedzera dambudziko rebasa ravo. Mungozi yeramangwana risati yaiswawo. Kana, kune rumwe rutivi, chikwereti chikwereti chechikwereti chakaderera, mungozi yekutengesa kune vane chikwereti inonyanya kuderera sezvo zvikwereti zvadzo zvinogona kunyanya kubhadharwa kubva kune imwe yefa.

Real wemunda mari

Muzvivako zvekubhadhara mari, chikwereti chikwereti chemari yose inotorwa kuti inobhadhara purojekiti yekuvaka. Inowanzochengetedzwa nezvikwereti.

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