Mamiriyoni mvumo

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Chikwereti chemamiriyoni chii?

Der Mamiriyoni mvumo ishoko rinoshandiswa mubhengi. Iwe uchafungidzira kuti kune zvikwereti izvo zvinofanira kupiwa uye kugadziriswa kupfuura mari yakawanda yevatengi. Zvinofadza iwe kuti mari yehuwandu yemari yemari yaunotora chikwereti inowanikwawo kune imwe mitemo nemirairo. Chikwereti chemamiriyoni chikwereti mumamiriyoni anopiwa kune akakwereta kana anokwereta chikwereti chebhengi. Mari yakawanda kana zviri nani ivhu rechikwereti mamiriyoni rimwe uye mamwe euro.

Mamiriyoni mvumo uye kukosha kwekubika

Kunyanya munguva dzenhamo dzemari, yakaratidzirwa kuti mabhandi nevakwereta vakamborasikirwa nehuwandu hwehuwandu hwekwereti yemari yebhizimisi mabasa. Dzose munyika mune dambudziko rezvemari yezana remakore rapfuura mumakore makumi maviri, chikwereti chemamiriyoni chakamboita basa rakaoma zvikuru. Mune zvimwe zviitiko, mamiriro ezvinhu akabuda umo mabhanki akanga asingachazivi kuti zvikwereti nezvikwereti zvakapihwa kune vakawanda vakwereta vane mamiriyoni emamiriyoni. Kubva pane izvi, vadzidzisi vane hutungamiri vakawana zvidzidzo uye vakakumbira uye vakataura zvido zvekupa mvumo yemamiriyoni-euro. Kare 1934 yaiva iyi mitemo yepamutemo uye mutemo uyu unokoshawo nemamiriyoni chikwereti euro nhasi. Nhasi kunyoresa chikumbaridzo chemamiriyoni ezvikwereti mu euro ndiwo 3 mamiriyoni. Mashoko aya anotsanangura nhasi mitemo yakasiyana-siyana uye vanokweretesa vakawanda vanoshandisa mamiriyoni ezvikwereti vane vanhu vomutemo vemutemo. Kubudiswa kwemamiriyoni emari kunokonzerwa neEvidence Centre paBundesbank. Mamiriyoni emari chikwereti chinhu chinokosha uye kusungirirwa kwekubika nemhinduro ndeye rudzi rwekudzivirira pamusoro pezvikwereti uye kubvisa chikwereti kupa mamiriyoni pamabhanki akawanda panguva imwe chete. Izvi ndizvo zvinangwa zvemitemo nemitemo, izvo zvinowanzoita kuti zvisakanganise kubuda kwemari. Mamiriyoni emadhora emadhora ari kufadza uye iwe unoratidza kuti rudzi urwu rwemari runobvumirawo zvakawanda. Kunyanya muhupfumi, idzi zvikwereti zvinosungirwa mari yekuchengetedza zvikwereti zvinoshamisa zvemari.

Mamiriyoni chikwereti sechinhu chinowanzoitika mubhizimusi

Semutengi, ivo pachavo havangashandisi chikwereti chemamiriyoni. Zvisinei, ivo vanove nechinangwa chekukweretesa zvinodiwa uye kugoverwa kwavo kumakambani uye masangano anochengetedzawo mari yavo nezvikwereti mumamiriyoni. Kunyanya kushingaira makambani anoshandisa zvikwereti zvisingabhadhari kuisa mari. Mari iyo inowanzoshandiswa kune rudzi urwu rwekubhadhara uye mutongi akaisa mamwe mitemo pano kuti ave nechokwadi chekunzwisisa pachena mamiriro ekukwereta kwekambani. Vanokwereta vanoita semunhu kuti aite chikwereti pachiyero ichi kazhinji hachiwanzoitiki. Izvo zvinoenderana nekuendesa kwezvikwereti kune vamwe vatatu. Pano, zvakare, hapana nzira yokupfuura nayo idzi zvikwereti nokubika kusungirwa uye kuongorora. Hurumende inotora chikwereti ichi pamusoro uye chikwereti chikwereti ichi pavanowanzobvunzurudzwa nevakwereta. Nhamba ye chikwereti nguva dzose inokosha kukosha kwekuratidza, iyo inobatawo ramangwana rekambani mumakambani emarudzi ose. Mamiriyoni emari chikwereti chiri kufadza mukati mawo uye iri chaizvoizvo munyika yebhizimisi. Mamiriyoni ezvitoro anokonzera chikwereti chose chehurumende nemakambani kune imwe nzvimbo. Pano, miganhu inosvika zvakajeka iyo inopfuurira mberi kwekufungidzira kwemhuri yega. Muzviitiko zvakawanda, idzi zvikwereti zvinodiwa kuchengetedza zvirongwa zvekutsvaga uye zviyero zvekutsvaga, izvo muzvinhu zvavo zvinotsigira kubhadharwa zvakanyanya kwezvikwereti. Kunyange zvakadaro, zvikwereti izvi zvakavharidzirwa uye chikwereti chekwereti chinowanikwa kune zvakakosha mumhando iyi yechikwereti.

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