dhisikaundi chikwereti

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Chikwereti chenguva pfupi kune vanovimbika

Der dhisikaundi chikwereti inotumidzwawo semari yekubhadhara mari. Izvi zvinowanzozonzi sechikwereti chiduku mukati mebhangi. Izvo zvisati zviripo zvekubhadhara zvinotengwa nezvikwereti zvikwereti. Mutengi anogamuchira bhizimusi rekutengesa. Iyi mari inobatsira mutengi sekufungisisa. Kubviswa kwacho kunotorwa kubva kubhangi rakagadzirwa. Kurasikirwa ndiko kufarira kunowedzera kusvika pakukura. Nokudaro, chikwereti chacho chinotamirwa kubhangi. Pazuva rakakodzera rekuchinja, hama yacho inofanira kudzorera mari iyo yakasarudzwa kubhangi. Kubva kunenge mabhanga ose, chikwereti chekuderedzwa chinopiwa chete kuvadzidzi vanovimbika. Inogona kunge yakanyatsonzwisiswa kuti gare gare kurasikirwa hakuzoitiki. Bhengi saka rinosungira zvese zvinokonzera uye zvinopisa zvinogona kunge zvisinganyatsoparadzwi zvachose.

Muenzaniso wekodzero yechikwereti

Kwose kambani (X) inopa zvinhu nehuwandu hwe10.000 Euro kune imwe kambani (Y). Kambani Y iri kukumbira imwe deferment kuti mubhadharo kwemazuva ose e90. Company X inobvumirana nechirevo ichi. Kushandura kuY y company inopiwa. Nechishanduko ichi X inotengesa zvikwereti zvinobatanidza kubhangi. Nhamba yekubhadhara inoderedzwa nechechi chikwereti ne5 muzana. Saka kuchinja naizvozvo hakuiti kutenga 10.000 Euro. Pane kudaro, mubhadharo we9.875 unogadzirwa nekambani X. Yambani Y ichaendeswa nebhangi mushure memazuva anogamuchirwa 90. Kubva iko ibhangi rekupedzisira rinogamuchira 10.000 Euro.

Chikwereti chinotambiswa sechikwereti chakachengetedzwa

Kutenga mari (bill of exchange) ndeye chikwereti chakachengetedzwa. Mune mhaka yekusasvibiswa kwemhosva, mutengesi anogona kubviswa kubva kumhosva yaanenge ataura. Mutengi (akwereta) anowanzopiwa chikwereti chekwereti chekwereti nebazi. Munharaunda iyi inogona kusvika kune rimwe shanduko yebhengi rekuchinja. Nechinangwa chekudzorera, Bundesbank inogona kusvika kune chinangwa chayo. Bhizinesi inogamuchira securitized receivables kubva kune vatengi vayo nenzira yekuchinja. Pasi pekutsvaga kwekufarira, izvi zvinotengwa kune imwe nguva inosara. Zvikwereti zvikwereti zvinonyanya kufarira zvinhu zvakashandurwa zvinokodzera ku Federal Federal. Kuwanazve mari kunogona kutungamirira kugadzirisa.

Nheyo dzepamutemo dzekubhadhara zvikwereti

Change mutemo inopa zvakakodzera pamutemo panobva dhisikaundi mbiri uye zvinoshanda mitemo. Zvigadziro izvi zvinofanira kuwanikwa mu § § 433 ff BGB. Kubudiswa kwemari yemari yekukweretesa kunonyatsotsanangurwa. Bhiri dhisikaundi chikwereti uye mbiri wokuti Federal mirayiro mabhanga ndiwo 19 ndima pasi §. Kuti uwane 1 no. 1 Bundesbank Act. Kusiyana kwechikwereti chikwereti ndiyo Akzeptkredit.

Izvo zvinotora chikwereti pane zvarinoreva

Bhizinesi rekutsvaga reDeutsche Bundesbank rakambomiswa nekuendeswa kwesimba rezvemari mari kune ECB. Kuchinja uku kusvika kumabhadharo akadarika hakuvepo kubva munaJanuary 1999. Pakave nemukana wekuti mabhengi aive nekwanisi yekuwana mari yekutenga zvikwereti kuBundesbank pamutengo usingabatsiri. Zvechokwadi, munyaya iyi zvakare, yakanaka yekwereti ndiyo yaidiwa. Bhizinesi rekutsvaga rave rakarasikirwa nehumwe hukakosha kwayo, sezvinoreva kuti hapana kubhadharwa kwekutengeserana kuri kuitwa neEuropean Central Bank. Zvisinei, mabhizimusi ega ega achiri kutenga zvikwereti panguva imwe chete, uye panguva imwe chete, vanopa zvikwereti zvisingabhadharwi asi izvi zvinowanzoreva nezvebhizimisi rekune imwe nyika.

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