garo zvazvingava

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Chiyero chepasi chii?

Chikamu chechibereko chekuda chikwereti ichocho chinogona kugadziriswa muGermany neAustria, iyo inoshandiswa kuongororwa mabasa makuru. Inodzokororwa kaviri pagore kusvika pakutanga kwemesester neDeutsche Bundesbank. Deutsche Bundesbank ndiyo inokonzera kuverenga maererano nezvinodiwa neEuropean Central Bank (ECB). Pashure pokuverenga, the garo zvazvingava zvakasunungurwa kuziviswa. Izvi zvinowedzerawo chiyero chepasi pachikwereti chepamusoro chemari.

Izvo zvinodiwa nhanho ndeye hwaro hwekuverenga kwechibereko chekufarira.
Izvo zvisingaiti zvachose zvinowanzodiwa kutongwa kwematare. Mune EU 2000 / 35 / EC, Chitsauko 3 Ndima 1 (d) inonyora mitemo yekutambira kubhadharwa kwekuda kubhadhara kubhadhara kwemazuva ekutengeserana kwebhizimisi.

Nhamba yezinga rekugadzirisa muGermany

Nhamba yepasi inotenderera uye ichabhadharwa gore negore kubvira 01. January 2002 maererano ne § 247 yeGerman Civil Code (BGB). Akange akagadzirira kusanangurwa kwake pa 01. Svondo 2001 maererano neyozvino inoshandiswa purogiramu yepamusoro (maererano nehuwandu hwekutsvaga mutemo wokutsvaga) uye yakashanduka kubva ipapo ipapo kuenda ku01. Janur uye 01. Nyaya nehuwandu hwehuwandu hwemashoko hunotarirwa nehuwandu hwehuwandu hwehuwandu hwepasi hwakashanduka kubva pakupedzisira kuverengwa. Kukosha kwechibvumirano chekwenyika ndeye nguva dzose 88 nheyo dzepamusoro pasi pehuwandu hwekutaridzirwa, kureva 0,88% pasi pekukosha kwekutarisa.

Referensi yemadhora

Nhamba yehuwandu yezvokuda kwekuda kwekuda ndiyo inowanzoshandiswa kushandiswa kwekodzero yeECB isati yasvika musi wekutanga wekarenda wegore rakakosha. Kushandurwa muchitsiko chechikwata chinotanga chave chiri pa 01 kokutanga. January 2002. Pakarepo mushure mekutanga kwemazuva ekurenda kweiyo yehafu yegore, iri pa 01. January uye 01. Muna July, Deutsche Bundesbank inofanirwa kuzivisa chivako chetsva chetsika pasinei nezuva revhiki. Kubvira ku01. January 2013 ndeye nzira isina kunaka.

Kukosha kwechirongwa chechibereko chinowanikwa mumutemo wehurumende

Izvo zvinodiwa nehuwandu hunokosha, kunyanya, nokuda kwekuverenga kwechido chekubhadharwa, chikwereti chechido, uye zvekuda mari zvinoshandiswa.

Kubudirira kwehutano hwekufarira

Chirongwa chepasi chave chave chichibudiswa mushure mokutumira mutoro wekutengesa mari kune ECB pane 01.January 1999 uye chiyero chekubvisa chinenge chabviswa. Kusvikira zuva rino, purogiramu yokuderedza inoshandiswa neDeutsche Bundesbank yaiwanzoshandiswa pamagwaro epamutemo, zvibvumirano nemitemo. Nhasi, Deutsche Bundesbank inogamuchira pakarepo kushandiswa kwemashoko ekuda kwechido uye kuverenga kwezinga.
NeChirevo chekugadzirisa kweMitemo Mutemo, chikamu chekuita chido chakagadziriswa kuC01.January 2002 nokuti haisi nzvimbo shomanana muBGB.

Chirongwa chekutanga chekuda muAustria

MuAustria pane zvimwe zvakasiyana kune kuverengwa kwehuwandu hwepasi muGermany. Mutoro wekuverenga kwehuwandu ndiAustrian National Bank, iyo inoparidzira chiyero pakarepo mushure mokunge yakaverengwa pawebsite yepaiti. Nguva yezvinyorwa izvi zvinenge zvakafanana neGermany. Misiyano iyi asi mumutemo wekuverenga. Kunyange zvazvo Austria neGermany zviri kune imwe chete yemari, nzvimbo yepamusoro yakasiyana naizvozvo nekuda kwechikonzero ichi. Chikonzero chikuru cheizvi ndechekuti kushandiswa kwechidiki muhuwandu hwekugadziriswa kweEBB kunofanirwa kuva pa 0,5 peresenti. Izvo chete ipapo ndiyo inowanikwa chido chekufarira. Somugumisiro, kuchinja kwehuwandu hwekuda kwehuwandu muAustria kunowanzosanyanya kudarika.

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