Facility

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Chii chinowanikwa?

pa Facility iyo yezvemari ndiyo ingirozi, iyo ine mikana yakakosha yekukwereta kana kukwereta chikwereti.

Izwi rinoshandiswa rakabhadharwa kubva kune imwe nzvimbo iyo IMF (International Monetary Fund) yakashandiswa kwekutanga panguva yegore raOctober wegore 1952 yezvikwereti zvenguva pfupi kune dzimwe nhengo dzenyika. Izvozvi, kunyanya, zvinodanwa kumira-ne-zvivako. Maererano neChitsauko XXX (b) cheSivumelwano cheMMF, kumira-ne-ficility ndiyo kodzero yeIWS Member State kuti iwane imwe mari yezvikwereti pasi pechisarudzo cheIWS. Kunyatsotaura, ihwo kodzero yekutora iyo inodarika chikamu chaicho chinokonzerwa neLungu State.
Chibvumirano chekwereti chechikwereti chiyeuchidzo cheMMF chechikwereti chinobvumira hurumende yeMMF kuti inyore mari yekune dzimwe nyika shanduko kusvika kune imwe nzvimbo yakakwirira.

IMF

Pakazosvika IMF pamusoro nguva yakawanda Zvivako dzakatangwa. An "Zvivako dzose" mamwe ndiye "Advanced IMF Zvivako", iro rinoshandiswa kuti kururamisa STRUCTURAL imbalances vaityisa pachiyero vachibhadhara kubvira gore 1974. Kuwedzera IMF dzose zvivako ikoko kubva 1987 vanonzi "concessionaires anobatsira" kuburikidza nzvimbo kudzikamisa ekisipoti kwemari nezvinhu, kuti System Nokuchinja Facility, Growth uye Urombo rutapudzo Facility uye anokosha zvivako, yakadai chivako kusimbisa dzimwe reserves kana contingent chikwereti mutsetse.

Revolving Credit Facility

Shoko rokuti "Zvivako" yakazopedzisira akatorwa pamusoro nenzira dzakawanda chikwereti kwema nayo Tranferable chikwereti Facilities kana rwakapetwa-pamusoro chikwereti Zvivako ndizvo nzvimbo mumire-pedyo, kuti wokurarama chikwereti wechivako. In German rwezvemabhengi Zvisinei, akanga zvakawanda kukunda panyaya anokweretesa asiri kubhengi chikwereti mutsetse serimwe rinogona kutsiva rokuti, apo vari kushandiswa kusaronga, iyezvino nyaya, Effektenlombard- kana Lombard zvikwereti ndi.
Nhepfenyuro dzekubhadhara mari, dzisina kushandiswa zvizere kana muchidimbu, dzinoshandiswa sezvikwereti zvekwereti. Muna Capital Zvinodiwa Regulation, okuti kana zvikwereti mutsetse Zvivako (166 ya 8a, Art. 265 3 ndima CRR maererano Art ...) Lovemore humwewo tizvishandise.

ESCB

Mutemo weScB unopa izvo zvinonzi "zvivako zvisingagumi". Izvi zvinosanganisira dhipiti uye nzvimbo yakakwirira ye refinancing muSCB. Izvi zvivako zvinowanikwa zvachose kumabhangi ekutengeserana uye zvinogonawo kushandiswa kana zvichidikanwa. Iyo "zvivako zvekusingaperi" yakagadzirirwa kupa kana kutora usiku hwekupedzisira. Nhamba yezvikwereti ye "zvivako zvekusingaperi" inoshandiswa kugadzira chido chekufarira chikwata umo zuva nezuva chikwata chekuda mari pamusika wemari inofamba. Zvinoratidza huwandu hwehutungamiri hwemari semutengo wehurongwa. Vatungamiri ve "zvivako zvekugara kwenguva refu" zvinotaridzirwa kumabhangi emunyika.

Overdraft zvivako mimwe mhando mbiri nzvimbo yacho ESCB uye ECB kana anorambidzwa Art. 21.1 Chibvumirano pamusoro ESCB kuna EU nhengo rinoti, ruzhinji mabhizimisi uye voruzhinji utility makambani kana zviremera zvomunzvimbo.

liquidity

Zvakawandisa liquidity inogona kubva yezvokutengeserana mabhanga sezvo deposits, kubhengi deposits kunze Mindesreserveguthabens, muganhu muna ESCB anechekuita kutanga rakatevera bhizimisi zuva mwero dhipoziti nzvimbo (inonzi mugove wezuva nezuva wezvokudya). The dhipoziti achava zvakafanira zvinotevera bhizimisi zuva uye nhoroondo iro dhipoziti akapomerwa zvikanzi.
Pakazosvika ESCB, wezvokutengeserana mabhanga vachapiwa ane mari inodiwa pamusoro kodzera rubatso ane chikwereti usiku hwose kusvikira pakatanga rakatevera mabhizimisi zuva yepamusoro mwero mari. Iko mari yechikwereti yeusiku inogona kushandiswa kwemazuva ebhizimisi kusvika pazuva rakasarudzwa kuburikidza nehurukuro yekukurukura "TARGET2". Kuwedzerwa kwekombikiti iripo pakuguma kwezuva rebhizimisi kunofungidzirwa sechikumbiro chemari yechikwereti cheusiku muhuwandu hwehuwandu hwakapfurikidza.
Mabhengi ezvokutengeserana ane mukana wekuwana mari mukati mehutano hwe anomukweretesa muganhu yezvibvumirano zvakachengetedzwa zvakachengetwa navo uye nokudaro kudzivirira kudzivirira kwemvura.

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